best graduation courses after 12th science

Best Graduation Courses After 12th Science | The 2024 List

Choosing from the best graduation courses after 12th science grade is a crucial decision for students. With many options available, selecting a path that aligns with your interests, skills, and career goals is essential.

This article aims to provide an in-depth look at the best graduation courses after 12th science, helping you make an informed choice for your future.

Best graduation courses after 12th Science

There are many courses from which you can opt for. But to choose from the best graduation courses after 12th Science can be a confusing scenario with so many options today. For that, you can connect with a career counsellor to sort out this dilemma and make a sound choice. Click the image below, to schedule a call.

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1. Bachelor of Science (B.Sc)

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) is one of the most popular undergraduate courses among science students. This degree offers various specializations such as Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Computer Science, and more. A B.Sc degree lays a solid foundation in the theoretical and practical aspects of the chosen field, making it an excellent choice for those interested in research and development.

Specializations in B.Sc

  • B.Sc Physics: Focuses on the fundamental principles of physics and its applications.
  • B.Sc Chemistry: Involves the study of chemical substances, reactions, and properties.
  • B.Sc Biology: Covers various aspects of living organisms, including anatomy, physiology, and genetics.
  • B.Sc Mathematics: Emphasizes mathematical theories, problem-solving, and analytical skills.
  • B.Sc Computer Science: Deals with the study of computer systems, programming, and software development.

Salary in B.Sc

  • Entry-level positions start at ₹ 2,43,750 per year.
  • Experienced workers make up to ₹2,160,000 per year.
BSc Courses BSc Job Profiles Average Annual Salary (in INR)
BSc Agriculture Agriculture Forest Officer 12 – 15 LPA
Agricultural Engineer 2 – 4 LPA
Researcher 6.4 LPA
Technologist 2.8 LPA
ICAR Scientist 3 LPA
BSc Biochemistry Research Scientist 8.6 LPA
Lab Technician 2.7 LPA
Pharmacologist 4.8 LPA
Biomedical Scientist 6 LPA
Analytical Chemist 3.5 LPA
BSc Bioinformatics Biophysicist 2.5 LPA
Actuary 7.3 LPA
Bioinformatics Scientist 9.7 LPA
Research Scientist 9.1 LPA
BSc Fisheries Science (BFSc) Biological E Technician 2.4 LPA
Aquaculture Consultant 2 – 5 LPA
Aquaculture Manager 2 – 5 LPA
Wildlife Biologist 2 – 5 LPA
BSc Computer Science Web Developer 4.5 LPA
Software Developer 8.4 LPA
Programmer 1.7 LPA
Web Designer 3.3 LPA
Data Analyst 3.6 LPA
BSc Nursing Home Care Nurse 2.7 LPA
Junior Psychiatric Nurse 2.5 LPA
Nursing Executive 3 LPA
Nursing Administrator 3.1 LPA
Staff Nurse 2 LPA
BSc (Information Technology) Computer Support Specialist 5.9 LPA
Tester 4.1 LPA
Database Administrator 4 LPA
System Analyst 4 LPA
BSc (Medical Technology) Medical Technologist 6 LPA
Laboratory Manager 7.1 LPA
Lab Technician 0.3 – 4.7 LPA
Research Assistant 1.2 – 5.9 LPA

2. Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)

Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) is a highly sought-after engineering degree. It offers numerous branches such as Computer Science, Electrical, Mechanical, Civil, Electronics, and more. B.Tech is ideal for students who have a knack for technology and innovation. This field can be one of the best graduation courses after 12th science if you are really into technology and advancement.

Top Engineering Branches in B.Tech

  • Computer Science Engineering (CSE): Focuses on computer programming, algorithms, and software development.
  • Mechanical Engineering: Involves the design, analysis, and manufacturing of mechanical systems.
  • Electrical Engineering: Deals with the study of electrical systems, circuits, and power generation.
  • Civil Engineering: Covers the construction, design, and maintenance of infrastructure projects.
  • Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE): Combines electronic engineering with communication technology.

Salary in B.Tech

  • Entry-level positions start at ₹16,678 – 18,391 per month.
  • Experienced workers make up to ₹30,00,000 to 1,20,00,000 per year.
Job profiles Minimum salary Average salary Highest salary
Software Developer INR 1.8 LPA INR 4.8 LPA INR 12.0 LPA
Network Engineer INR 1.8 LPA INR 3.4 LPA INR 7.5 LPA
Data Analyst INR 1.7 LPA INR 4.2 LPA INR 11.7 LPA
Cybersecurity Analyst INR 2.6 LPA INR 4.8 LPA INR 11.0 LPA
Web Developer INR 1.0 LPA INR 2.8 LPA INR 7.0 LPA
Cloud Solutions Architect INR 7 LPA INR 22.2 LPA INR 42.0 LPA
Database Administrator INR 4.8 LPA INR 10.0 LPA INR 23.5 LPA
IT Project Manager INR 5.6 LPA INR 15.0 LPA INR 30.0 LPA
AI/ML Engineer INR 3.6 LPA INR 7.2 LPA INR 30.0 LPA
IT Consultant INR 2.4 LPA INR 7.5 LPA INR 18.9 LPA
Quality Assurance Analyst INR 2.5 LPA INR 5.0 LPA INR 12.0 LPA
DevOps Engineer INR 3.8 LPA INR 6.0 LPA INR 13.2 LPA
Business Analyst INR 2.7 LPA INR 6.6 LPA INR 15.0 LPA
IT Support Specialist INR 2.2 LPA INR 5.2 LPA INR 12.0 LPA

3. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is the primary degree for aspiring doctors. It is a rigorous course that requires dedication and hard work. The MBBS program includes pre-clinical, para-clinical, and clinical studies, providing comprehensive knowledge of human anatomy, medicine, and surgery. For the caring ones, this is one of the best graduation courses after 12th science. Learn, operate and save lives.

Key Components of MBBS

  • Pre-clinical Studies: Focus on basic medical sciences like Anatomy, Physiology, and Biochemistry.
  • Para-clinical Studies: Include Pathology, Microbiology, Pharmacology, and Forensic Medicine.
  • Clinical Studies: Cover subjects like General Medicine, Surgery, Pediatrics, and Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Salary in MBBS

  • The average starting Doctor’s Salary in India is INR 5.04 LPA.
  • The highest salary of a Senior Doctor in India ranges from INR 20.5 LPA – 35.50 LPA.
Job Profiles Average Salary
General Physicians INR 7.4 LPA
Chief Medical Officer INR 23.5 LPA
Surgeons INR 14.5 LPA
Paediatricians INR 13.9 LPA
Cardiologists INR 6.1 LPA
Dermatologists INR 7.5 LPA

4. Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)

Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) is a specialized course for those interested in dental sciences. It involves the study of dental and oral health, preventive dentistry, and various dental treatments. BDS graduates can work as dental surgeons or pursue higher studies and specializations in dentistry.

Areas of Study in BDS

  • Oral Pathology: Study of diseases affecting the oral cavity.
  • Orthodontics: Focus on the alignment and correction of teeth.
  • Periodontics: Deals with the prevention and treatment of gum diseases.
  • Prosthodontics: Involves the design and fitting of artificial teeth.

Salary in BDS

  • The average starting Doctor’s Salary in India usually comes up to INR 5.04 LPA.
  • The highest salary of a Senior Doctor in India ranges from INR 20.5 LPA – 35.50 LPA.
Specialisations Entry-Level Mid-Level Senior-Level
General Dental (BDS) INR 1.8 – 5 LPA INR 3.6 – 10 LPA INR 12 LPA and above
Dental Speciality (MDS) INR 3 – 6 LPA INR 6 – 12 LPA INR 10 – 12 LPA
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery INR 4 – 8 LPA INR 8 – 15 LPA INR 15 – 30 LPA
Endodontic INR 4 – 8 LPA INR 8 – 15 LPA INR 15 – 30 LPA
Orthodontic INR 4 – 8 LPA INR 8 – 15 LPA INR 15 – 30 LPA
Periodontic INR 4 – 8 LPA INR 8 – 15 LPA INR 15 – 30 LPA
Pediatric INR 4 – 8 LPA INR 8 – 15 LPA INR 15 – 30 LPA
Geriatric INR 3 – 6 LPA INR 6 – 12 LPA INR 10 – 20 LPA
Cosmetic INR 4 – 8 LPA INR 8 – 15 LPA INR 15 – 30 LPA

5. Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm)

Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) is a degree for students interested in pharmaceuticals and healthcare. This course covers various aspects of drug development, manufacturing, quality control, and pharmacy practice. B.Pharm graduates can work in pharmaceutical companies, or hospitals, or pursue further studies in pharmacology or clinical research.

For entrepreneur aspirants in the medical side, this is one of the best graduation courses after 12th science. Get a degree, open a pharmacy. Your side business is setup.

Core Subjects in B.Pharm

  • Pharmaceutical Chemistry: Study of chemical aspects of drug molecules.
  • Pharmacology: Focus on the effects and mechanisms of drugs.
  • Pharmaceutics: Covers the formulation and development of pharmaceutical products.
  • Pharmacognosy: Study of medicinal drugs derived from plants.
Job Profiles Average Salary (in INR)
Pharmacist 2.2 LPA
Drug Inspector 2.8 LPA
Quality Control 3.4 LPA
Clinical Researcher 5 LPA
Hospital Pharmacist 2.6 LPA
Chemical Technician 5 LPA – 8 LPA
Medical Representative 3 LPA – 6 LPA
Medical Writer 4 LPA – 6 LPA
Pharmacologist 4.8 LPA
Drug Therapist 2.2 LPA

6. Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.Sc Nursing)

Bachelor of Science in Nursing (B.Sc Nursing) is a professional degree for those aspiring to join the nursing profession. This course provides extensive training in patient care, medical procedures, and healthcare management. B.Sc Nursing graduates can work in hospitals, clinics, and community health settings, or pursue advanced nursing specializations.

Key Areas in B.Sc Nursing

  • Fundamentals of Nursing: Basics of nursing care and patient management.
  • Community Health Nursing: Focus on healthcare in community settings.
  • Medical-Surgical Nursing: Covers nursing care for medical and surgical patients.
  • Pediatric Nursing: Specialization in nursing care for children.
Job Profiles Average Salary
Staff Nurses INR 3 LPA
Industrial Nurses INR 3 LPA
Military Nurses INR 12 LPA
Nurse Supervisors INR 5.5 LPA
Psychiatric Nurses INR 2.8 LPA
Nurse Educators INR 4.8 LPA

7. Bachelor of Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc)

Bachelor of Veterinary Science (B.V.Sc) is a course for students interested in animal health and veterinary medicine. It involves the study of animal anatomy, physiology, pathology, and treatment of animal diseases. B.V.Sc graduates can work as veterinary doctors, animal surgeons, or in wildlife conservation.

Core Subjects in B.V.Sc

  • Animal Nutrition: Study of nutritional requirements and feeding of animals.
  • Veterinary Pathology: Diagnosis of animal diseases through laboratory tests.
  • Veterinary Surgery: Surgical procedures for the treatment of animals.
  • Animal Husbandry: Focus on breeding, raising, and caring for farm animals.
Job Profiles Average Salary
Veterinarians INR 6.5 LPA
Research Scientists INR 4.4 LPA
Academician/Professors INR 5 LPA
Animal Welfare Officers INR 1.9 LPA
Zoo Veterinarians INR 5.5 LPA

8. Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (B.Sc Agriculture)

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture (B.Sc Agriculture) is a degree focused on agricultural science and technology. This course covers various aspects of farming, crop production, soil science, and agribusiness management. B.Sc Agriculture graduates can work in agricultural research, agribusiness firms, or government agencies.

Key Topics in B.Sc Agriculture

  • Agronomy: Study of crop production and soil management.
  • Horticulture: Focus on the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, and ornamental plants.
  • Plant Pathology: Study of plant diseases and their management.
  • Agricultural Economics: Economic aspects of farming and agribusiness.
Jobs Salary Offered (in INR LPA)
Private jobs
Assistant Manager-Tea Plantation 3.5 to 4
Assistant Manager-Rubber Plantation 3.5 to 4
Teak Plantation Manager 4 to 5
Assistant Manager-Coffee Plantation 3.5 to 5
Manager-Jute plantation 3 to 4
Social Forestry Officer 5 to 6
Plant Breeder/Grafting Expert 3 to 4.5
Budding/Tissue Culture Expert 3 to 4
Seed/Nursery Manager 3.5 to 5
Agriculture Research Scientist 6 to 7
Officer in Quality Assurance in Related Fields 5 to 6
Agri-Preneurship 4 to 5
Farm Manager 5 to 6
Seed Technology Firm 5 to 6
Agriculture Loan Officer in Banks 5 to 6
Operations Manager in Fertilizer Units 5 to 6
Extension Officer 5 to 6
Government jobs
Agriculture Specialist Officer(SO) (IBPS SO exam) 6.5 to 7.5
Agriculture Officer (SSC, NABARD exam) 5 to 6.6
Food Safety Officer (FSSAI, FCI, State food safety officer exams) 6 to 7
Forest Officer (UPSC IFS) 8 to 9.5

9. Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)

Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) is a professional degree for aspiring architects. This course involves the study of architectural design, building construction, and urban planning. B.Arch graduates can work as architects, urban planners, or in construction management.

Essential Subjects in B.Arch

  • Architectural Design: Principles and techniques of designing buildings and structures.
  • Building Construction: Study of construction materials and methods.
  • Urban Planning: Planning and development of urban areas.
  • History of Architecture: Exploration of architectural styles and historical developments.
Job Position Average CTC
Architecture Designer INR 7 Lakh
Assistant Professor INR 8 Lakh
Senior Interior Designer INR 9-10 Lakh
Project Manager INR 10-12 Lakh
Senior Project Architect INR 12-14 Lakh
Design Manager INR 12 Lakh
Principal Architect INR 18.50 Lakh
Senior Principal Architect INR 19.40 Lakh

10. Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (B.Sc IT)

Bachelor of Science in Information Technology (B.Sc IT) is a degree for students interested in the IT sector. This course covers topics like software development, network administration, database management, and cybersecurity. B.Sc IT graduates can work in IT companies, or government organizations, or pursue further studies in information technology.

Core Areas in B.Sc IT

  • Software Development: Focus on programming languages and software engineering.
  • Network Administration: Management and maintenance of computer networks.
  • Database Management: Design and management of database systems.
  • Cybersecurity: Protection of information systems from cyber threats.
Job Position Average Annual Pay Scale in INR
IT Support Analyst 3.0 LPA
Network Engineer 6.7 LPA
IT Consultant 11.5 LPA
Web Designer 2.33 LPA
Software Developer 3.9 LPA
Quality Assurance Analysts 3.5 LPA
Systems Analyst 6.02 LPA


Choosing the right graduation course after 12th science is a pivotal step in shaping your career. Each course mentioned in this article offers unique opportunities and challenges.

Whether you are inclined towards engineering, medicine, technology, or agriculture, it’s crucial to consider your interests, strengths, and career aspirations. Thorough research and self-assessment will help you make an informed decision, setting the foundation for a successful and fulfilling career.

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